The US has announced military deals worth $110 billion with Saudi Arabia. President Donald Trump is at the start of an 8-day tour that takes in Jerusalem, the Vatican and European capitals.

Saudi Arabien US-Präsident Trump und König Salman bin Abdulaziz al-Saud unterzeichnen Verträge (Getty Images/AFP/M. Ngan)

The $110 billion (around 100 billion euros) deal for Saudi purchases of US defense equipment and services was one of several deals announced during Trump’s visit to Saudi Arabia.

The military sales deal is effective immediately, with another $350 billion set of deals to kick in over the next 10 years.

“This package of defense equipment and services support the long-term security of Saudi Arabia and the Gulf region in the face of Iranian threats,” a White House official said when announcing the deal.

The official said Trump and Secretary of State Rex Tillerson had signed a memorandum of intent “aimed to bolster the security of the kingdom and the Gulf region in the face of Iranian threats.”

US conglomerate General Electric also announced it had signed agreements and memorandums of understanding worth $15 billion with the oil-rich kingdom.

Trump was kept away from reporters during a busy day of meetings and ceremonies, but late in the day, he said, the deals reached would lead to “tremendous investments” in the US. He said the deals will also create “jobs, jobs, jobs.”

Changing geopolitics

Russia and Iran – allies with Syria against the US-Saudi Arabia axis in the region – this year signed a large arms deal. The US-Saudi deal comes amid talk of a possible reconfiguration of Middle East alliances, and possibly global ties.

For Riyadh, the visit is an opportunity to rebuild ties with a key ally, strained under Trump’s predecessor Barack Obama, who Sunni Arab Gulf states suspected of a tilt towards their Shiite regional rival Iran.

US First Lady Melania Trump chats with Saudi Deputy Crown Prince Muhammad bin Nayef bin Abdulaziz al-Saud.US First Lady Melania Trump chats with Saudi Deputy Crown Prince Muhammad bin Nayef bin Abdulaziz al-Saud.

No gaffes, so far

After a welcoming coffee ceremony, Trump and his entourage were brought to the royal court where the president was awarded the Collar of Abdulaziz Al Saud, Saudi Arabia’s highest civilian honor.

The streets of Riyadh were lined with US and Saudi flags and billboards featuring Trump and King Salman.

Trump is meeting the kingdom’s two powerful crown princes on Saturday, before giving a speech on Islam to leaders of Muslim countries on Sunday.

No head scarves

US first lady Melania Trump did not cover her head when she arrived on Saturday along with her husband.

Two years ago, then-citizen Trump criticized former first lady Michelle Obama’s decision to go bare-headed on a January 2015 visit with her husband.

Trump’s daughter, Ivanka, a senior White House adviser who is accompanying her father, also left her head uncovered.

View image on TwitterView image on TwitterView image on TwitterView image on Twitter

Great to be in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Looking forward to the afternoon and evening ahead.

Tel Aviv on the table

Trump is set to visit Israel on Monday and the occupied Palestinian territories on Tuesday. This next leg will be more complicated, despite the history of warm ties between Trump and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

A key issue will be the fate of the US embassy, which Trump signaled he would move from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

A senior Palestinian official said on Saturday this would be a deal-breaker for the Palestinians.

“We believe that moving the US embassy to Jerusalem would mean the end of the peace process,” Saeb Erekat, second-in-command of the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO), said days ahead of Trump’s visit to the region.

Erekat added that a Palestinian state without east Jerusalem as its capital would have “no meaning.”

Watch video02:35

Will Trump move embassy to Jerusalem?

The new US ambassador to Israel David Friedman has also backed the move.

There has been no movement so far on the pledge.

Israel occupied the West Bank and east Jerusalem in 1967 and later annexed the east of the city in a move never recognized by the international community.

Iran

Trump is expected to take a harder line on Iran, where it was announced Saturday that President Hassan Rouhani had won a resounding re-election victory as voters overwhelmingly backed his efforts to reach out to the world.

Syria

At talks between the two leaders, the king was overheard lamenting the Syrian war to Trump.

“Syria too used to be one of the most advanced countries. We used to get our professors from Syria. They served our kingdom. Unfortunately, they too brought destruction to their own country. You can destroy a country in mere seconds, but it takes a lot of effort,” he said.

Trump’s response could not be heard.

Watch video00:56

Trump has arrived in Saudi Arabia

jbh/jlw (AP, Reuters, AFP)

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