The Ethiopian government has denounced overnight ethnic-based violence on the outskirts of the capital. Thousands of Ethiopians took to the streets to demonstrate on Monday.

Protest in Addis Abeba (picture-alliance/AA/M.W. Hailu)

As democratic reforms launched by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s government slowly take shape in Ethiopia, several areas surrounding the capital Addis Ababa were hit by what is the latest round of violence in the country.

Thousands of angry Ethiopians took to the streets of Addis Ababa in protest on Monday after a weekend of ethnically motivated attacks that saw 23 people killed and dozens arrested on the outskirts of the capital over the weekend.

Chris Stein


Groups of protesters passing through Meskel Square

Fighting broke out in the wake of the return of Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) leaders — once banned and termed terrorists by the government — to the country, invited back by reformist Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed.

“We demand justice,” some of the rally-goers chanted. “The government’s task is to protect its citizens, not to send condolences after they are butchered.”

Abiy Ahmed’s chief of staff, Fitsum Arega, condemned the killings.

Fitsum Arega


PM Abiy Ahmed strongly condemns the killings & acts of violence against innocent citizens around Ashawa Meda, Kataa & Fili Doro last night. These cowardly attacks represent a grave concern to the unity & solidarity of our people & will be met with appropriate response.

The nearby town of Burayu also reportedly faced ethnically-motivated violence, according to theReporter Ethiopia news website, including deaths and thousands of displaced. The news platform says people are still fleeing their homes, with many headed to Addis Ababa.

The Reporter@TheReporterET

Sources added that women have been raped and many have been displaced and sought refuge in a church, a school and Red Cross erected tents in Addis Ababa. 

Conflict in Burayu, surrounding claims lives

Ethnically charged conflict in Burayu and surrounding towns has claimed the lives of unknown number of people and displaced thousands of others, The Reporter learnt.

On Monday in the capital, the protesters headed to Meskel Square, where just two days earlier thousands had gathered to welcome some 1,500 OLF fighters returning to Ethiopia from their base in neighboring Eritrea. The group has for decades advocated the “right to national self-determination” for the Oromo people, Ethiopia’s largest ethnic group. Their return was preceded by scuffles between rival groups.

Ethiopia's Oromo people gather to celebrate the return of the Oromo Liberation Front in Addis AbabaA woman joins celebrations in Addis Ababa for the return of the formerly banned Oromo Liberation FrontDawud Ibsa, chairman of the Oromo Liberation Front, now back in Addis AbabaEthiopia's Oromo people gather in Addis Ababa for the return of the formerly banned Oromo Liberation Front

AFP Africa@AFPAfrica

For years they were banned as a terror group but following changes introduced by Ethiopia’s reformist PM Abiy Ahmed, rebels from the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) have returned home, bringing thousands onto the streets of Addis to celebrate @AFP 

The OLF return comes amid sweeping government reforms to bring opposition groups back into politics. In a first step earlier this year, the OLF was one of the groups removed from a list of terror groups. Tensions in restive areas dramatically declined when the Abiy government released several thousand prisoners, unblocked websites and welcomed opposition voices.

Government welcomes OLF

The government also welcomed the returnees.

View image on TwitterView image on Twitter

Fitsum Arega


We welcome warmly the leadership & members of OLF to . A peaceful contest of ideas will move us from a culture of conflict into a culture of peace. In a pluralistic society, all of us need to respect our rich diversity.Rule of law is the virtue that makes peace possible.

“I’m happy to be here after 26 years of struggle from outside of Ethiopia,” the OLF leader Dawud Ibsa told reporters, adding that the OLF has struggled to bring the changes that are happening now in Ethiopia. “We are now seeing positive signs that include the respect for rule of law: That’s why we came here,” he said.

Deal to ease cros-border tensions after decades of hostilities

Just one day after the OLF returned to their native country, Ethiopia and Eritrea signed an agreement at a summit in Saudi Arabia. The deal is aimed at bolstering a historic peace accord between the two former Horn of Africa enemies. In July, Abiy and Eritrean president Isaias Afwerki had signed a “Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship” that formally restored diplomatic relations. Eritrea gained its independence from Ethiopia in the early 1990s, and war broke out later that decade over a border dispute.

“There is a wind of hope blowing in the Horn of Africa,” United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said.



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